The Gnostic Gospels

He indicated that all that was required to get to Heaven with his church was to be baptized and accept the Lord Jesus as your personal savior. I asked him to confirm that by restating it. He again indicated that there were no significant items to being saved, at least in his church; all you needed was a baptism, an acceptance of Christ, and a relationship with him. My immediate response was that I could not attend his church, since that would give the impression that I found it to be totally acceptable, might cause scandal if people who knew me to be a Catholic saw me, and would not be in keeping with my views. Faith and Works in the Epistles Regarding the issue of justification, I asked him to give me a couple of minutes to check the references I needed, so I would not give him an incorrect verse. He told me we could meet at lunch to go over it and then we could arrange a time to meet at his church on Sunday. We met in the cafeteria, bought our lunch and found a clean, empty table. Then I began my response to his theological challenge.

Prayers and Devotions

But how do we know which of the Apostles is “the one Jesus loved”? The Synoptic Gospels identify 3 Apostles that Jesus singled out on important occasions. These were Peter, to whom Jesus gave the “keys of the kingdom”, James, the son of Zebedee, and James’ younger brother, the Apostle John. We can narrow down the identity of the inspired writer of the fourth Gospel to one of these 3 men and, by eliminating the other 2, we can come to one final name.

To demonstrate how alternative dating of at least one of the gospels may provide solutions to outstanding problems, we will take as an example the gospel of Luke, particularly since it is asserted that “the key to dating the Gospels is the Book of Luke.”.

When were the gospels written? With their absence in Justin Martyr’s works, we remain with the dating of the gospels to the last quarter of the second century. The Gospel Dates When scrutinized, the Pauline epistles do not reveal any historical Jesus; nor do they demonstrate any knowledge of the existence of the four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. As has been proved repeatedly, the gospels themselves cannot be viewed as “history” written by “eyewitnesses.

The New Testament is now known, in whole or in part, in nearly five thousand Greek manuscripts alone. Every one of these handwritten copies differ from the other one It has been estimated that these manuscripts and quotations differ among themselves between , and , times. The actual figure is, perhaps, much higher. A study of Greek manuscripts of the Gospel of Luke has revealed more than 30, different readings It is safe to say that there is not one sentence in the New Testament in which the manuscripts’ tradition is wholly uniform.

It would be impossible to date the appearance of the gospels based on the extant manuscripts, since the autographs or originals were destroyed long ago, an act that would appear to be the epitome of blasphemy, were these texts truly the precious testimonials by the Lord’s very disciples themselves.

When Were the Gospels Written?

Click here to join! Until recently the Gospels were thought to be biographies of Jesus. They were anonymously written. The Church takes no official stance on their authorship. How did they develop?

In December he was ordained as a Catholic priest under the special pastoral provision for married former Anglican clergy. The title of the OP is “How Do We Know the Gospels are Historical?” Muratorian fragment) that the Pool of the 5 Portico is still standing (leveled in 70 AD.). And uses this as a basis for dating the early.

When Were the Original Gospels Written? Ellen Myers During her childhood in Nazi Germany this writer’s father told her that Nazism was in part the result of Germany’s already long standing apostasy from Christ. Only after her own much later conversion to Christ did she realize that the root of that apostasy was German Protestant “higher criticism” of the Bible which flourished in the nineteenth century. Through this movement, joined to Darwinist evolutionism after , the error of “modernism,” man’s arrogant transvaluation of the Bible in the light of his own supposedly infallible “scientific” understanding and scholarship, infiltrated and eventually dominated theological instruction in Western Christendom the Eastern Orthodox Church remained far less affected.

Not unnaturally Protestantism fell victim to this trend first, but the Catholic church was next. Apologetics used to be a defense of Church doctrine against the Protestants who used historical-critical exegesis as a weapon against the Church The new apologetics is the defense of Catholic historical-critical exegetes, who learn their methodology from Protestants, against attacks by Catholics.

When were the gospels written and by whom?

When was the Gospel of Matthew Written? If the Gospel of Matthew was written after 70 C. For example, in Matt Is there any evidence this parable was added to a pre C.

Defending the Gospels: Answers to Problems by John McClymont (in reply to “Shredding the Gospels”) Below are some attempts to respond to some problems raised by the article on your website which I have been corresponding with you about.

Saturday, December 2, The Gospel of Mark: Part I can be found here. Part II focuses on modern scholarship and the dating of the Gospels. Let’s not denigrate these modern scholars by calling their faith into question. WE need to keep this conversation I’m not against anyone, believer or not, putting their opinions into the mix. But it can make a substantial difference in the way they read the texts. It comes down to the assumptions. A believer comes with different assumptions to the Gospels that a non-believer does.

Are the Gospels Myth?

In this present article we wish to consider the Gospel of John in comparison to the three Synoptic Gospels, considering their similarities and their differences. Then we will seek to come to an understanding as to how they relate to one another. These similarities may also be supplemented by a number of isolated words spoken by Jesus and others, recorded both in John as well as in the Synoptics.

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Relation to Matthew and Luke Contents, selection and arrangement of matter The Second Gospel, like the other two Synoptics , deals chiefly with the Galilean ministry of Christ , and the events of the last week at Jerusalem. In a brief introduction, the ministry of the Precursor and the immediate preparation of Christ for His official work by His Baptism and temptation are touched upon i, ; then follows the body of the Gospel, dealing with the public ministry, Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus i, xvi, 8 ; and lastly the work in its present form gives a summary account of some appearances of the risen Lord, and ends with a reference to the Ascension and the universal preaching of the Gospel xvi, The body of the Gospel falls naturally into three divisions: Beginning with the public ministry cf.

Mark passes in silence over the preliminary events recorded by the other Synoptists: He is much more concerned with Christ’s acts than with His discourses, only two of these being given at any considerable length iv, ; xiii,

Can We Trust the Gospels?

The main piece of evidence I’ve read that backs up this claim is that Jesus “predicted” the destruction of the Jewish temple, and since the temple was destroyed in 70 CE, the gospels must have been written after 70 CE. Assuming the thing you’re trying to prove is faulty logic. So why did the writers believe that Jesus would come back during at least a few of the disciples’ lifetimes, which they depict Jesus stating several times in the gospels http:

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However, in the absence of the original manuscript, such an enquiry would be difficult. Therefore, we need to take into account both the external and internal pointers to find out a possible dating of the gospel. External Evidence The earliest extant reference concerning the date of Mark appears to come from Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 3. Matthew also issued a written Gospel among the Hebrews in their own dialect, while Peter and Paul were preaching at Rome, and laying the foundations of the Church.

After their departure, Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, did also hand down to us in writing what had been preached by Peter. Luke also, the companion of Paul, recorded in a book the Gospel preached by him. Afterwards, John, the disciple of the Lord, who also had leaned upon His breast, did himself publish a Gospel during his residence at Ephesus in Asia.

Whatever be the case, the purpose of Irenaeus was not to explicitly mention the date of the gospel, rather to prove the authenticity of it. The Anti-Marcionite Prologue also reiterates the view of Irenaeus. Clement of Alexandria, on the other hand, makes it clear that Mark wrote the gospel during the life-time of Peter.

The Dispute on “Faith Alone”

September 2, in Gospels , Historical Jesus Tags: Genre , Gospels , Synoptic Gospels Various explanations of the possible literary genre of the four gospels have been offered. Most Christians approach the gospels as biographies of Jesus. The do have some biography-like elements, but they are not biographies by the standards of the modern world.

Most scholars today favor the idea that Mark’s Gospel was written before the other Gospels. This is called Markan (Marcan) Priority. I favor the traditional Catholic opinion which all Catholics believed in the first years of the Church, that St. Matthew wrote the first Gospel.

The Greek unical codices provide important clues to the development of the Canon, but are less important as evidence of the date of composition. For instance, this is a fragment of the Gospel of John: Dating the papyrus scrap is difficult, but based on the style of the script used, it’s probably between CE and CE. Slightly larger ranges are more-likely to include the actual date, but also begin to lose accuracy.

Circa CE is the standard single-point estimate. Because the codex P52 came from was written in Alexandria and the gospel originated elsewhere, the gospel of John must go back to the 1st century. The Synoptic Problem If we can date John to the 1st century, we can have some confidence that the other gospels are at least as old. For one thing, there’s evidence that the author of John was aware of the synoptic gospels. In addition, many scholars believe that Luke and Matthew had Mark available when they wrote their biographies of Jesus.

They additionally might have had access to an even earlier source. For our purposes, the exact solution to the synoptic problem doesn’t matter; what does matter is that the gospels where not written at the same time. If we fix P52 at CE and string the dependencies together, we get a timeline like this: There’s certainly plenty of leeway here. Mark t2 has been dated as late as 80 CE , which would bunch all the gospels to the end of the 1st and beginning of the 2nd century.

Catholic Guys Answer Questions About Dating